Cover image for Studies in Hebrew and Aramaic Orthography Edited by David Noel Freedman, A. Dean Forbes, and Francis I. Andersen

Studies in Hebrew and Aramaic Orthography

Edited by David Noel Freedman, A. Dean Forbes, and Francis I. Andersen

BUY

$49.50 | Hardcover Edition
ISBN: 978-0-931464-63-8


Biblical and Judaic Studies from the University of California, San Diego

Studies in Hebrew and Aramaic Orthography

Edited by David Noel Freedman, A. Dean Forbes, and Francis I. Andersen

This book introduces the student to the textual study of the Hebrew Bible—to help such a student “perceive the work of the numberless and nameless scribes torn between tradition and fashion in their restrained attempts to update the orthography of Scripture.” Sixteen essays serve as the bridge from older methods for the study of orthography to newer ones, using the computer to analyze large bodies of text.

 

  • Description
  • Table of Contents
This book introduces the student to the textual study of the Hebrew Bible—to help such a student “perceive the work of the numberless and nameless scribes torn between tradition and fashion in their restrained attempts to update the orthography of Scripture.” Sixteen essays serve as the bridge from older methods for the study of orthography to newer ones, using the computer to analyze large bodies of text.

PREFACE

SIGLA

I. BACKGROUND

1. THE EVOLUTION OF HEBREW ORTHOGRAPHY - David Noel Freedman

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Phase I: Pure Consonantism

1.3 Phase II: Vowel Letters

1.4 Phase III: Post-exilic Orthography

1.5 Conclusion

2. A TUTORIAL ON METHOD: A GUIDE FOR THE STATISTICALLY PERPLEXED - A. Dean Forbes

2.1 One More Time

2.2 Finding Spelling Patterns

2.3 Grouping Copies of Copies

2.4 Hebrew Spelling

2.5 Data Preparation

2.6 Methods of Data Analysis

2.7 Results

2.8 Hierarchical Clustering

2.9 Where Matters Stand

3. REVIEW: MT SPELLING AND STATISTICS - Francis I. Andersen & A. Dean Forbes

3.1 Survey of Our Previous Work

3.2 Further Explanation

3.3 Tables of Types, Portions, & Outliers

II. EXTENSIONS

4. THE SPELLING OF SUFFIXES - Francis I. Andersen

4.1 More on Terminal a

4.2 Suffix ‘his’

4.3 Nouns Ending in -an and -on

5. THE SPELLING OF O AND E - Francis I. Andersen

5.1 Historical Development

5.2 Biblical Spelling

5.3 Qumran Spelling

6. ARCHAIC, STANDARD, AND LATE SPELLING - Francis I. Andersen

6.1 The Problem of Dating

6.2 Phases in Biblical Spelling

7. ALEPH AS A VOWEL LETTER IN OLD ARAMAIC

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Items Excluded

7.3 Paths of Development

7.4 Conclusions

III. ADVANCES

8. CHOICE OF STATISTICAL METHODS - A. Dean Forbes

8.1 The Basic Approach

8.2 Distance Measures

8.3 Clustering Algorithms

8.4 Multidimensional Scaling

9. SPELLING IN PARALLEL PASSAGES - Francis I. Andersen & A. Dean Forbes

9.1 Source-Encoder-Channel Equations

9.2 Choice of Parallel Texts

9.3 Behavior of Corresponding Vowels

9.4 Intra-book Parallels

9.5 Inter-book Parallels

10. THE SERIATION OF PORTIONS - A. Dean Forbes

10.1 The Cluster or to Seriate?

10.2 Seriation by Multidimensional Scaling

10.3 The Abundance Matrix for Spelling

10.4 From Abundances to Seriation

IV. DOCUMENTS

11. THE SPELLING OF THE ARAMAIC PORTION OF THE TELL FEKHERYE BILINGUAL - Francis I. Andersen & David Noel Freedman

11.1 Introduction

11.2 The Basic Data

11.3 The Inventory of Words

11.4 Summary

11.5 Conclusions

12. THE SPELLING OF SAMARIA PAPYRUS 1 - David Noel Freedman & Francis I. Andersen

12.1 Introduction

12.2 The Evidence

12.3 Conclusions

12.4 Summary

13. ANOTHER LOOK AT 4QSAM -Francis I. Andersen & David Noel Freedman

13.1 The Evidence

13.2 Summary

13.3 Conclusions

14. THE ORTHOGRAPHY OF 4QTESTIMONIA - Francis I. Andersen & David Noel Freedman

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Procedure

14.3 Inventory: Deuteronomy 5:28-29

14.4 Inventory: Deuteronomy 18:18-19

14.5 Inventory: Numbers 24:15-17

14.6 Inventory: Deuteronomy 33:8-11

14.7 Discussion

14.8 Excursus: in 4QTestim

14.9 Final Comment

15. THE ORTHOGRAPHY OF D62 - Francis I. Andersen

15.1 The Codex from Karasu-Bazar

15.2 The Text

15.3 Codicology

15.4 Palaeography

15.5 Orthography: Spelling Variants

15.6 Orthography: Interpretation

15.7 Corrections in D62

15.8 Variant Spellings in D62

APPENDIX

WHAT DID THE SCRIBES COUNT? - Francis I. Andersen & A. Dean Forbes

A.1 The Tradition

A.2 Specifics in the Tradition

A.3 Mechanisms of Divergence

A.4 Verse Counts

A.5 Middle Verses

A.6 Word Counts

A.7 The Middle Word of the Torah

A.8 Letter Counts

A.8.1 Letter Counts of the Torah

A.8.2 Letter Counts of the Bible

A.9 Middle Letters

A.9.1 The Middle Letter of the Torah

A.9.2 The Middle Letter of the Psalter

A.9.3 The Middle Letter of the Bible

A.10 Conclusions

REFERENCES

Mailing List

Subscribe to our mailing list and be notified about new titles, journals and catalogs.