Cover image for No Stone Unturned: Greek Inscriptions and Septuagint Vocabulary By James K. Aitken

No Stone Unturned

Greek Inscriptions and Septuagint Vocabulary

James K. Aitken

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$28.95 | Paperback Edition
ISBN: 978-1-57506-324-9

154 pages
6" × 9"
2014

Critical Studies in the Hebrew Bible

No Stone Unturned

Greek Inscriptions and Septuagint Vocabulary

James K. Aitken

For understanding biblical Greek in context, the importance of the discoveries of papyri was recognized early in the twentieth century, while inscriptions by comparison were left unexplored. Those scholars who had intended to turn their attention to the inscriptions were delayed by their work on the papyri and by the conviction that the greater results would come from these. As a result, undue focus has been placed on papyri, and biblical Greek words have been viewed only through their lens, leading to the inference that the Greek is specifically Egyptian and vernacular. This volume widens the focus on Septuagint words by demonstrating how the inscriptions, coming from a broader geographical region than papyri and containing a wider range of registers, are a source that should not remain untouched.

 

  • Description
  • Table of Contents
For understanding biblical Greek in context, the importance of the discoveries of papyri was recognized early in the twentieth century, while inscriptions by comparison were left unexplored. Those scholars who had intended to turn their attention to the inscriptions were delayed by their work on the papyri and by the conviction that the greater results would come from these. As a result, undue focus has been placed on papyri, and biblical Greek words have been viewed only through their lens, leading to the inference that the Greek is specifically Egyptian and vernacular. This volume widens the focus on Septuagint words by demonstrating how the inscriptions, coming from a broader geographical region than papyri and containing a wider range of registers, are a source that should not remain untouched.

This work explains the current state of the study of Septuagint vocabulary and outlines the competing roles of papyri and inscriptions in its interpretation, including the limitations of focussing solely on papyri. The practical issues for a biblical scholar in dealing with inscriptions are presented and some guidance is given for those wishing to explore the resources further. Finally, examples are drawn together of how inscriptions can illuminate our understanding of Septuagint vocabulary, and thereby inform the socio-historical position of the Septuagint. The origins of apparently new words in the Septuagint, the semantic and grammatical function of words, and the geographical distribution and register all demonstrate the need for further investigation into this field.

Preface

Abbreviations

Ch - The Current State of Septuagint Vocabulary

Ch - Documentary Evidence in Biblical Lexicography

Ch - Working with Greek Inscriptions

Ch - New Words

Ch - Semantics, Grammar, and Register

Ch - Geographical Distributino

Conclusions

Appendix: Epigraphic Resources

Bibliography

Indexes

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