Cover image for Prophecy and Propaganda: Images of Enemies in the Book of Isaiah By Goeran Eidevall

Prophecy and Propaganda

Images of Enemies in the Book of Isaiah

Goeran Eidevall

BUY

$34.95 | Paperback Edition
ISBN: 978-1-57506-806-0

232 pages
6" × 9"
2009

Coniectanea Biblica Old Testament Series

Prophecy and Propaganda

Images of Enemies in the Book of Isaiah

Goeran Eidevall

Isaiah contains a rich variety of enemy images from a time span covering at least four centuries. Eidevall’s textual analysis in Prophecy and Propaganda focuses on the characterization of the enemy, the rhetorical strategy adopted, the text’s function in its historical context(s), and the ideology of the author(s) and/or editor(s). The main part of the study begins with textual analyses of passages dealing with the hostile empires of Assyria, Babylon, and Egypt. It then turns to Judah’s northern neighbors, Ephraim/Israel and Aram, formed another hostile alliance against Judah, and how oracles directed against Samaria took on new significance in the postexilic era, due to the emerging schism between Samaritans and other Jews. The portrait of Moab is intriguingly ambiguous, but the picture of Edom is uncompromisingly negative. Finally, the study investigates anonymous enemies of various kinds, who are often characterized as rebels deserving severe punishment. The final editors of Isaiah wanted to discourage a wide range of actions and attitudes that, according to their standards, amounted to opposition to YHWH by YHWH worshipers themselves.

 

  • Description
  • Table of Contents
Isaiah contains a rich variety of enemy images from a time span covering at least four centuries. Eidevall’s textual analysis in Prophecy and Propaganda focuses on the characterization of the enemy, the rhetorical strategy adopted, the text’s function in its historical context(s), and the ideology of the author(s) and/or editor(s). The main part of the study begins with textual analyses of passages dealing with the hostile empires of Assyria, Babylon, and Egypt. It then turns to Judah’s northern neighbors, Ephraim/Israel and Aram, formed another hostile alliance against Judah, and how oracles directed against Samaria took on new significance in the postexilic era, due to the emerging schism between Samaritans and other Jews. The portrait of Moab is intriguingly ambiguous, but the picture of Edom is uncompromisingly negative. Finally, the study investigates anonymous enemies of various kinds, who are often characterized as rebels deserving severe punishment. The final editors of Isaiah wanted to discourage a wide range of actions and attitudes that, according to their standards, amounted to opposition to YHWH by YHWH worshipers themselves.

Ideological language, such as the Zion-centered perspective and the legendary version of the events in 701 BCE, is paradigmatic in Isaiah, raising the question to what extent the prophecies therein can be understood as instances of contextually determined (and continually reworked and reinterpreted) political propaganda. The final editors belonged to a party supporting the religious politics of Ezra and Nehemiah. Although they describe themselves as humble servants and as marginalized victims of persecution, it is likely that they actually represented circles with access to the power structures of their time.

A must-read for anyone studying perspectives on Isaiah in scholarly research today.

I. Introduction

1. Outlining the task: Backgrounds and goals

1.1. On enemy images

1.2. Enemy images in texts from the Ancient Near East

1.3. Enemy images and biblical exegesis: Perspectives on previous research

1.4. On the book of Isaiah as object of the investigation

1.5. Problems, goals, and methods

II. Investigation

2. Images of empires

2.1. Isa 5:26-30: A prologue to the discourse on empires

2.2. Images of Assyria

2.3. Images of Egypt and Cush

2.4. Images of Babylon

2.5. Empire portraits: comparisons and conclusions

3. Images of neighbouring nations

3.1. Images of Ephraim/Israel and Aram

3.2. Images of Edom

3.3. Images of other neighbouring nations

3.4. Neighbouring nations: comparisons and conclusions

4. Anonymous enemies

4.1. Rebels and stubble: Characterization of anonymous enemies

4.2. Key passages

4.3. Links to images of nations and empires

4.4. Named and unnamed enemies in a macrostructural perspective

III. Discussion

5. The enemies and YHWH

5.1. Enemies of YHWH

5.2. Enemies as instruments in YHWH’s service

5.3. YHWH as enemy

5.4. YHWH as the enemy’s enemy

6. Enemy images, ideology, and identity

6.1. The Zion-centered perspective and the 701 paradigm

6.2. Prophecies as political propaganda

6.3. On enemy images and implied self-images

7. Summary

Bibliography

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