Cover image for Issues of Impurity in Early Judaism By Thomas Kazen

Issues of Impurity in Early Judaism

Thomas Kazen

BUY

$34.95 | Paperback Edition
ISBN: 978-1-57506-811-4

210 pages
6" × 9"
2010

Coniectanea Biblica New Testament Series

Issues of Impurity in Early Judaism

Thomas Kazen

In this volume of collected articles and papers on impurity and purification in early Judaism, Kazen focuses primarily on questions of the impurity of discharges and the practice of hand-washing before meals. Kazen uses both literary and historical methods, as well as approaches based on cognitive science; the analysis covers texts from the Pentateuch, Qumran, the New Testament, and some Jewish Hellenistic authors.

 

  • Description
  • Table of Contents
In this volume of collected articles and papers on impurity and purification in early Judaism, Kazen focuses primarily on questions of the impurity of discharges and the practice of hand-washing before meals. Kazen uses both literary and historical methods, as well as approaches based on cognitive science; the analysis covers texts from the Pentateuch, Qumran, the New Testament, and some Jewish Hellenistic authors.

Some chapters are based on unpublished papers, and others have been recently published in various journals; two are based on material and arguments similar to a couple of forthcoming articles for volumes that they will not always be easily found by potential readers. Several of the essays relate to or complement each other, thus making this collection very convenient for the reader interested in the topic.

Preface

1. Introduction: Impurity in the Second Temple Period

Introduction

Pre-exilic purity

Purity and the Persians

Temple and life

Issues of impurity

2. Impurity, Ritual, and Emotion: A Psycho-Biological Approach

Introduction

The role of emotions for human behaviour

Impurity and disgust

Impurity and fear

Impurity and a sense of justice

Conclusions

3. Explaining Discrepancies in the Laws on Genital Discharges

Introduction

Systemic reading in Second Temple Judaism

Systemic shaping in the text of Leviticus

Discrepancies as a gender issue

The impurity of discharges

Demonic threat

Conclusions

4. Who Touched Whom? On Graded Impurity and First-Day Ablutions in 4Q274

Introduction

Previous research

Reconstruction and reading

Translation

Notes

Discussion

First-day ablutions and graded impurity

First-day ablutions for dischargers

Conclusions

5. The Status of the Zavah and the Jesus Tradition

Introduction: the discharge rules

Discrepancies within and between

Harmonization and criteria

Temple Scroll theory

Philo and corpse impurity

Josephus and the menstruant

A mitigating water rite?

Dischargers in real life

The zavah in Mark

Conclusions

6. Hand-washing, Pure Food and Graded Purification: Mishnah, Mark and Jesus

Introduction

Hand-washing for secondary impurities

Was hand-washing a priestly practice?

The rationale behind hand-washing

Hand-washing and the date of Mark

Redactional levels and audiences in Mark 7

Torah and tradition

Impurity from within

Conclusions

7. The Good Samaritan and a Presumptive Corpse

Introduction

Sources and levels

A purity issue?

Objections and answers

Priestly purity and priority

Concluding reflections

8. Meier on Jesus and Purity

Introduction

Three programmatic statements?

The purity laws

Mark 7

Other possible references

Result

Appendix: Standard chart

Bibliography

Indices

Source index

Author index

Subject index

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