Cover image for Tiberian Hebrew Phonology By Joseph L. Malone

Tiberian Hebrew Phonology

Joseph L. Malone

BUY

$69.50 | Hardcover Edition
ISBN: 978-0-931464-75-1

216 pages
9" × 11"
1993

Tiberian Hebrew Phonology

Joseph L. Malone

This impressive study analyzes the form of biblical Hebrew that was canonized by the Masoretes, Jewish religious and language scholars who were centered in Tiberias in the late first millennium C.E. The grammatical system of the Masoretes is the key to understanding the Hebrew Bible, and yet because of its tremendous complexity, the system has often been neglected. This study of Tiberian Hebrew phonology is a valuable contribution toward a fuller understanding of Masoretic grammar. The sound system of biblical Hebrew is quite distinct from that of modern Hebrew and is the most elaborate of all the attested Semitic languages. Dr. Malone’s thorough analysis describes this sound system in light of both recent linguistic study (generative phonology) and his own far-ranging work on other Semitic languages. The results of his work are stated in the form of phonological rules that will assist the biblical Hebrew scholar in understanding phonology and its impact on Hebrew grammar. The reader will find much value in the elaborate charts and diagrams throughout the book, especially chapter 10, which illustrates the derivations of the first twenty verses of the Book of Genesis, and chapter 12, which presents an inventory of Tiberian Hebrew words and phrases of particular interest. A glossary and bibliography complete the book.

 

  • Description
  • Table of Contents
This impressive study analyzes the form of biblical Hebrew that was canonized by the Masoretes, Jewish religious and language scholars who were centered in Tiberias in the late first millennium C.E. The grammatical system of the Masoretes is the key to understanding the Hebrew Bible, and yet because of its tremendous complexity, the system has often been neglected. This study of Tiberian Hebrew phonology is a valuable contribution toward a fuller understanding of Masoretic grammar. The sound system of biblical Hebrew is quite distinct from that of modern Hebrew and is the most elaborate of all the attested Semitic languages. Dr. Malone’s thorough analysis describes this sound system in light of both recent linguistic study (generative phonology) and his own far-ranging work on other Semitic languages. The results of his work are stated in the form of phonological rules that will assist the biblical Hebrew scholar in understanding phonology and its impact on Hebrew grammar. The reader will find much value in the elaborate charts and diagrams throughout the book, especially chapter 10, which illustrates the derivations of the first twenty verses of the Book of Genesis, and chapter 12, which presents an inventory of Tiberian Hebrew words and phrases of particular interest. A glossary and bibliography complete the book.

Chapter 1. Introduction

Introduction to the Draft of 1988

Introduction to the Draft of 1984

Introduction to the Draft of 1978

Origins of this Study

Character of this Study

Ghost Chapters

Breadth of this Study

Inadequacies of this Study

Chapter 2. General Baedeker to the Book; Abbreviations and Symbols

General Baedeker to the Study

Acronymic Abbreviations

Terms for Vocalic Height Alternations

Special Symbols

Alphabetic

Analphabetic

Chapter 3. Underlying System

Introduction

The Verb System

Overview of Verb Stem Structure

Unmarked Qal Stems

Marked Qal Stems, Strong

Marked Qal Stems, 1n

Marked Qal Stems, 1y

Marked Qal Stems, 1?

Marked Qal Stems, 3y

Marked Qal Stems, 2H

Marked Qal Stems, 2W

Marked Qal Stems, Other

Hifil Stems

Hofal Stems

Piel Stems

Pual Stems

Hitpael Stems

Nifal Stems

Inflectional Affixes

Imperfective-imperative Subject Prefixes

Imperfective-imperative Subject Suffixes

Perfective Subject Suffixes

Object-possessive Suffixes

Gender-number Suffixes

Chapter 4. Features

Segmental Features

Durational Features

Accentual Features

Boundary Features

Syntactic Features

Chapter 5. Parameters of Application

Introduction

Level (Morphological, Phonological)

Frequency (Transient, Persistent)

Order

Between Rules

Within Rules

Domain

Instrumentation

Orientation

Conditions

Obligatory

Uneven

Grammatical

Major, Minor

General

Syntactic Factors

Chapter 6. Redundancy Conditions

Introduction

Linking

Constraint on Redundancy Condition Construction

Some Redundancy Conditions of Tiberian Hebrew

Chapter 7. Morphological Rules

Introduction

Organization of Rule Entries

1. Base Truncation

2. Bridge Building

3. Clitic Gemination

4. Glide Deletion

5. Imperative-Infinitive Apheresis

6. Infinitive Bobbing

7. Initial Schematic Specification

8. Performative Simplification

9. Radical Movement: General Radical Movement

10. Radical Movement: Hofal Radical Movement

11. Radical Neutralization

12. Radical Specification

13. Reflexive Fusion

14. Stress Placement: Major Stress Placement

15. Stress Placement: Minor Stress Placement

16. Suffix Whittling

17. T-Affixation (TA)

18. Terminal Schematic Neutralization (TSN)

19. Terminal Schematic Specification (TSS)

Ordering Summary

Chapter 8. Persistent Phonological Rules

Organization of Rule Entries

1. Aleph Coalescence

2. Atonic Opening

3. Duration Adjustment

4. Midding Assimilation

5. Proclitic Formation

6. Spirantization

Ordering Summary

Chapter 9. Transient Phonological Rules

Organization of Rule Entries

1. Assimilatory Lowering

2. Atonic Midding

3. Backward Lengthening

4. Checked Lowering

5. Checked Midding

6. Conjunctive Shift

7. Diphthong Coalescence

8. Distant Lowering

9. Final Shortening

10. Forward Lengthening

11. General Raising

12. Glide Labialization

13. Group Simplification

14. Imperative Raising

15. Labial Assimilation

16. Labial Coalescence

17. Low Shortening

18. Lowering Umlaut

19. Medial Shortening

20. Midding Umlaut

21. Nucleus Lifting

22. Opening Umlaut

23. Penultimate Polarization

24. Presemivowel Epenthesis

25. Pretonic Lengthening

26. Major (Vocalic) Pretonic Lengthening

27. Minor (Consonantal) Pretonic Lengthening

28. Reduction (Vowel Reduction)

29. Schwa Coloring

30. Major Schwa Coloring

31. Minor Schwa Coloring

32. Schwa Haplology

33. Schwa Intrusion

34. Secondary Stressing

35. Segolate Epenthesis

36. Stress Adjustment

37. Tonic Change

38. Major (Lengthening) Tonic Change

39. Minor (Lowering) Tonic Change

40. Ultimate Attraction

41. Ultimate Jump

42. Ultimate Polarization

43. Vowel Closing

Ordering Summary

Chapter 10. Illustrative Derivations

Introduction

Dagger Notes to Chapter 10

Derivations

Chapter 11. Special Topics

Appendix A: General Phonology and the Metrical Behavior of u- ‘and’ in the Hebrew Poetry of Medieval Spain

Appendix B: Messrs McCarthy and Prince, and the Problem of Hebrew Vowel Color

Chapter 12. Inventory of Forms

Introduction

Transliteration

Transcription

Verb Categories

Grammatical Phenomena

Inventory

Glossary

Bibliography

Mailing List

Subscribe to our mailing list and be notified about new titles, journals and catalogs.