Cover image for Comparative Semitic Linguistics: A Manual By Patrick R. Bennett

Comparative Semitic Linguistics

A Manual

Patrick R. Bennett

BUY

$49.50 | Paperback Edition
ISBN: 978-1-57506-021-7

288 pages
8.5" × 11"
1998

Comparative Semitic Linguistics

A Manual

Patrick R. Bennett

As the title indicates, this unique resource is a manual on comparative linguistics, with the examples taken exclusively from Semitic languages. It is an innovative volume that recalls the earlier tradition of textbooks of comparative philology, which, however, exclusively treated Indo-European languages. It is suited for students with at least a year of a Semitic language.

 

  • Description
  • Table of Contents
As the title indicates, this unique resource is a manual on comparative linguistics, with the examples taken exclusively from Semitic languages. It is an innovative volume that recalls the earlier tradition of textbooks of comparative philology, which, however, exclusively treated Indo-European languages. It is suited for students with at least a year of a Semitic language.

By far the largest component of the book are the nine wordlists that provide the data to be manipulated by the student. Says reviewer Peter Daniels, the wordlists “constitute a unique resource for all of comparative linguistics—a considerable quantity of uniform data from a host of related languages. They would be useful for any class in comparative linguistics, not just for those interested specifically in Semitic.”

Scattered throughout the text are 25 exercises based on the wordlists that provide a good introduction to the methods of comparativists. Also included are paradigms of the phonological systems of ten Semitic languages as well as Coptic and a form of Berber. A bibliography that guides the student into further reading in Semitic linguistics completes the volume.

List of Tables

List of Exercises

Shukran

To the Reader

Part 1: Basics of Descriptive Linguisitics

What’s in a Name?

Phonology

Phonetics

Phonemics

Morphophonemics

Transcription

Morphology and Syntax

Morphemes

Words

Word Making

Phrases

Clauses

Hierarchy

Part 2: A General Introduction to the Semitic Language Family

What Is a Semitic Language?

Internal Relationships

External Relationships

Part 3: An Outline of Comparative Linguistics

Sources and Their Use

Assumptions and Techniques of Diachronic Linguistics

The Linguistic List

Cognacy and Regularity

Skewing

Part 4: Lexicostatistics: Some Alternatives

Appendix: The Swadesh 200-Word Basic Vocabulary List

Part 5: Linguistic Reconstruction: Comparative and Internal

Comparative Reconstruction: Phonology

Comparative Reconstruction: Lexicon

Comparative Reconstruction: Semantics

Internal Reconstruction

Comparative/Internal Reconstruction

Part 6: Various Less-Common Techniques

Loan Analysis

Geographic Analysis

Cultural Reconstruction

Part 7: Onward and Beyond

Semitic and Afroasiatic

Evading the Triconsonantal Root

Ebla and What Next?

Conclusion

Paradigms A: Phonology

Proto-Semitic

Old Babylonian

Syriac

Urmi

Ugaritic

Hebrew

Classical Arabic

Egyptian Arabic

Ge’ez

Tigre

Jibbali

Paradigms B: Morphology: Nouns and Pronouns

Old Babylonian

Syriac

Urmi

Ugaritic

Hebrew

Classical Arabic

Egyptian Arabic

Ge’ez

Tigre

Jibbali

Coptic

Ghadamsi

Paradigms C: Morphology: Verbs

Old Babylonian

Syriac

Urmi

Ugaritic

Hebrew

Classical Arabic

Egyptian Arabic

Ge’ez

Tigre

Jibbali

Coptic

Ghadamsi

Bibliography

General Semitic and Afroasiatic

Akkadian

Arabic

Aramaic

Canaanite

Ethiopic

Modern South Arabian

Old South Arabian

Writing

Wordlist A: Cognates and Skewed Reflexes

Wordlist B: Pair-Referenced Lexicostatistics and Subgrouping

Wordlist C: Norm-Referenced and Pair-Referenced Lexicostatistics

Wordlist D: Diglossia and Language Contact

Wordlist E: Isoglosses

Wordlist F: Berber and Semitic

Wordlist G: Proto-Semitic A

Wordlist H: Proto-Semitic B

Wordlist I: Proto-Semitic C

Appendix: Classical Semitic Scripts, by Peter T. Daniels

A Bit of History

Abjads

Hebrew

Syriac

Arabic

Maltese

Ethiopic

Akkadian

Index 1: Languages of Glosses

Index 2: Glosses

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