Cover image for The City of Ugarit at Tell Ras Shamra By Marguerite Yon

The City of Ugarit at Tell Ras Shamra

Marguerite Yon

BUY

$39.50 | Hardcover Edition
ISBN: 978-1-57506-029-3


The City of Ugarit at Tell Ras Shamra

Marguerite Yon

In 1929, a farmer accidentally discovered a tomb near the Mediterranean coast of Syria, about 12 km north of the modern seaport of Latakia. Initial excavations at the tell of Ras Shamra by René Dussaud and Claude Schaeffer brought to light impressive architectural remains, numerous artifacts, and tablets written in cuneiform (both alphabetic and syllabic), and the excavators soon were able to identify the site as the ancient city of Ugarit. Much of the material remains came to be dated to the end of the Late Bronze Age, from the 14th century through the 12th century B.C.E., and the religious, economic, and mythological texts from that era have had a major effect on our understanding of the history of the late 2nd millennium. However, by that time the site had already seen more than 6,000 years of occupation, and the data from Ras Shamra–Ugarit thus have become important as a reference point for the early history of the Near East along the Levantine coast and the eastern Mediterranean.

 

  • Description
  • Table of Contents
In 1929, a farmer accidentally discovered a tomb near the Mediterranean coast of Syria, about 12 km north of the modern seaport of Latakia. Initial excavations at the tell of Ras Shamra by René Dussaud and Claude Schaeffer brought to light impressive architectural remains, numerous artifacts, and tablets written in cuneiform (both alphabetic and syllabic), and the excavators soon were able to identify the site as the ancient city of Ugarit. Much of the material remains came to be dated to the end of the Late Bronze Age, from the 14th century through the 12th century B.C.E., and the religious, economic, and mythological texts from that era have had a major effect on our understanding of the history of the late 2nd millennium. However, by that time the site had already seen more than 6,000 years of occupation, and the data from Ras Shamra–Ugarit thus have become important as a reference point for the early history of the Near East along the Levantine coast and the eastern Mediterranean.

In this volume, Marguerite Yon, the principal investigator since the early 1970s on behalf of the French archaeological team, brings us up to date on the 70-year-long excavation of the site. During the past 25 years, much of our understanding of the site itself has changed, due to new excavations, reexcavation, and reinterpretation of prior excavations. This volume is the authoritative latest word on the data from the site and their meaning for our understanding of the importance of ancient Ugarit.

Heavily illustrated, including many black-and-white and color photographs.

Foreword: The Discovery

Introduction: History of Excavations

Chapter 1: Geography and History

The Site and Setting

Prehistory and Protohistory: 8th-2nd Millennia B.C.E.

The Kingdom and Its Written Documents 14th-12th Centuries B.C.E.

The End of Civilization ca/1185 B.C.E.

City Planning

Chapter 2: Description of the Tell

Tour of the Tell

The Royal Fortress and the City Ramparts

The Royal Zone

The House of Yabninu (The So-Called ‘South Palace’ or ‘Small Palace’)

The Northwest Area beyond the Royal Zone

The North Palace

The ‘Oven House’ and Plaza

The Residential Quarter

‘City Center’

Access to the City from the South

South City Trench

South Acropolis Trench

Persian Period Settlement

Sondage SH: A Major Stratigraphic Sounding

The Acropolis and the Great Temples

The Lower City

The East Terrace

Chapter 3: Artifacts Illustrating Official and Everyday Life

Tablets Written in Ugaritic (Alphabetic Cuneiform)

Tablets Written in Other Languages

Seals and Scarabs

Stone Statues

Metal Statues

Stone Stelae

Ivories of the Royal Palace

Objects of Ivory

Syrian Pottery

Commercial Jars

Imported Pottery from the West

Syrian Vessels Related to the Cult

Funnels Related to the Cult (Rhytons)

Cultic Objects

Cultic Objects (Clay Models and Figurines)

Faience

Stone Vases and Instruments

Stone Tools

Gold Vessels

Gold Jewelry

Prestige Weapon in Iron, Copper, and Gold

Weapons of Bronze

Tools and Instruments of Bronze

Objects from the Persian Period

Selected Bibliography and Abbreviations

Indexes

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