Cover image for The Archaeology of the Early Islamic Settlement in Palestine By Jodi Magness

The Archaeology of the Early Islamic Settlement in Palestine

Jodi Magness

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$59.50 | Hardcover Edition
ISBN: 978-1-57506-070-5

248 pages
8.5" × 11"

The Archaeology of the Early Islamic Settlement in Palestine

Jodi Magness

There is a common perception that the Muslim conquest of Palestine in the seventh century caused a decline in the number and prosperity of settlements throughout the country. The role played by archaeology in perpetuating this view, claims Magness, is particularly insidious, because it is perceived, rightly or wrongly, as providing “scientific” (and therefore “objective”) data. Thus, archaeological evidence is frequently cited by scholars as proof or confirmation that Palestine declined after the Muslim conquest, and especially after the rise of the Abbasids in the mid-eighth century. Instead, Magness argues that the archaeological evidence, freed insofar as possible of political and/or religious biases, supports the idea that Palestine and Syria experienced a tremendous growth in population and prosperity between the mid-sixth and mid-seventh centuries. Such a radical shift in the interpretation of the evidence guarantees that this volume will be a benchmark with which future interpretations must reckon.

 

  • Description
  • Table of Contents
There is a common perception that the Muslim conquest of Palestine in the seventh century caused a decline in the number and prosperity of settlements throughout the country. The role played by archaeology in perpetuating this view, claims Magness, is particularly insidious, because it is perceived, rightly or wrongly, as providing “scientific” (and therefore “objective”) data. Thus, archaeological evidence is frequently cited by scholars as proof or confirmation that Palestine declined after the Muslim conquest, and especially after the rise of the Abbasids in the mid-eighth century. Instead, Magness argues that the archaeological evidence, freed insofar as possible of political and/or religious biases, supports the idea that Palestine and Syria experienced a tremendous growth in population and prosperity between the mid-sixth and mid-seventh centuries. Such a radical shift in the interpretation of the evidence guarantees that this volume will be a benchmark with which future interpretations must reckon.

The book includes a CD with map and key, which provides additional information regarding the sites studied and the area examined.

Preface

Chapter 1. Introduction

The Models for the Israelite and Muslim Conquests

Why Yattir?

Problems of Survey Methodology

Chapter 2. Map of Nahal Yattir: The Survey Sites 9

Tel ʿIra

The Nestorian Monastery at Tel Masos

Har Beriah

Continuation of Sites in Govrin’s Survey Map of Nahal Yattir

Clusterings of Sites

Conclusion

Chapter 3. Settlement Processes and Patterns of Land Use

The Landscape, Climate, and Natural Resources of the Yattir Region

The Modern Bedouin of the Yattir Region

Pastoralists and Agriculturalists

The Yattir Region during the Ottoman Turkish Period

The Model of the Ottoman Period Cyclades

Dry Farming Techniques in the Yattir Region and the Negev

Agriculture in the Nessana Papyri

Installations for Wine, Oil, and Cereal Production

Chapter 4. The Darom (South)

Horvat Maʿon

Horvat Rimmon (Eremmon)

Horvat (or Khirbet) Susiya

Eshtamoʿa

Horvat ʿAnim

Khirbet Yattir

Beth Guvrin (Eleutheropolis)

Beit Loya

Horvat Berachot

Chapter 5. The Limes in Southeastern Judea

ʿEin Boqeq

Upper Zohar

The Eastern Mount Hebron Sites

The Sites Surveyed by Hirschfeld

Hirschfeld’s Chronology and Interpretation of the Eastern Mount Hebron Sites

New Evidence for the Chronology and Function of the Eastern Mount Hebron Sites

Conclusion

Chapter 6. The Central Negev

The Geography of the Negev

The Distribution of Negev Farms and Campsites

The Date of the Negev Farms: Haiman’s Interpretation

The Date of the Negev Farms: Avni’s Interpretation

Haiman or Avni: Who Is Correct?

Sde Boqer

Other Mosques in the Northern and Central Negev

The Farm and Mosque at Nahal Laʿana

Map of Har Nafha (196)

Sites with Illustrated and Chronologically Diagnostic Pottery

Nahal Mitnan

Map of Har Hamran—Southwest (198)

Map of Har Hamran—Southeast (199)

Map of Mizpe Ramon—Southwest (200)

Map of Har Ramon (203)

Map of Makhtesh Ramon (204)

Sites with Illustrated, Chronologically Diagnostic Pottery

Nahal Oded and Har Oded

The Pottery from Nahal Oded and Har Oded

Other Finds

Map of Har Saggi—Northeast (225)

Other Sites with Illustrated, Chronologically Diagnostic Pottery

The Northern ºArabah: Nahal Shahaq

Chapter 7. The Northwest Negev

Map of Urim (125)

Sites with Illustrated, Chronologically Diagnostic Pottery

Excavated Sites in the Northern Negev

The Northwest Negev

Beʾer-shevaʿ

Chapter 8. The Negev Towns

Nessana

Colt’s Chronology

The Pottery from the Colt Excavations

Urman’s Excavations at Nessana

Shivta

Avdat

Mamshit

Halutza

Rehovot-in-the-Negev

Conclusion

Chapter 9. Did Syria–Palestine Decline in the Mid–Sixth Century?

The Northern Syrian Villages: Dehes

House I: Buildings 101, 102, 103

House II: Buildings 104, 108

House III: Buildings 105, 106, 107

The Excavators’ Conclusions

My Conclusions

Antioch

Caesarea Maritima

Summary

Chapter 10. Conclusion

Works Cited

Indexes

Index of Authors

Index of Sites

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