Cover image for Lahav II: Households and the Use of Domestic Space at Iron II Tell Halif: An Archaeology of Destruction By James Hardin

Lahav II: Households and the Use of Domestic Space at Iron II Tell Halif

An Archaeology of Destruction

James Hardin

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$69.50 | Hardcover Edition
ISBN: 978-1-57506-163-4

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Lahav: Reports of the Lahav Research Project / Excavations at Tell Halif, Israel

Lahav II: Households and the Use of Domestic Space at Iron II Tell Halif

An Archaeology of Destruction

James Hardin

This volume focuses on the reconstruction of household organization during the Iron II period at Tell Halif. It centers in particular on one four-room, pillared-type building located in Area F7 of Field IV and on its remains, which were sealed in a massive destruction that eclipsed the site in the late eighth century B.C.E. This study was first prepared as a Ph.D. dissertation for the Department of Near Eastern Studies at the University of Arizona (Hardin 2001) and has since been amplified and embellished by further research. Published here are the results of research deliberately designed by the author to provide for more complete recovery and detailed recording in the field of all artifacts and other remains within a special refined three-dimensional grid matrix. These data in turn established a framework for studying the formation processes active on the materials and for conducting a spatial analysis of the assemblages in the building. Along with developing ethnographic and ethnoarchaeological inferences, these techniques are used to identify activities, activity areas, and social organization related to the building, ultimately defining an “archaeological household” consisting of the pillared dwelling and its occupants. Finally, these conclusions are also related to reconstructions of the Iron II-period household suggested by Hebrew Bible sources.

 

  • Description
  • Table of Contents
This volume focuses on the reconstruction of household organization during the Iron II period at Tell Halif. It centers in particular on one four-room, pillared-type building located in Area F7 of Field IV and on its remains, which were sealed in a massive destruction that eclipsed the site in the late eighth century B.C.E. This study was first prepared as a Ph.D. dissertation for the Department of Near Eastern Studies at the University of Arizona (Hardin 2001) and has since been amplified and embellished by further research. Published here are the results of research deliberately designed by the author to provide for more complete recovery and detailed recording in the field of all artifacts and other remains within a special refined three-dimensional grid matrix. These data in turn established a framework for studying the formation processes active on the materials and for conducting a spatial analysis of the assemblages in the building. Along with developing ethnographic and ethnoarchaeological inferences, these techniques are used to identify activities, activity areas, and social organization related to the building, ultimately defining an “archaeological household” consisting of the pillared dwelling and its occupants. Finally, these conclusions are also related to reconstructions of the Iron II-period household suggested by Hebrew Bible sources.

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER II: STUDYING THE HOUSEHOLD

The Importance and Usefulness of Studying the Household

Defining the Household

Identifying the Form of Domestic Space

Determining the Relationship of Domestic Space to the Household

Determining How the Household Used its Space

Using Spatial Analyses

Summary

CHAPTER III: HOUSEHOLD ARCHAEOLOGY IN THE SOUTHERN LEVANT

The Tell as a Site Type

Destruction Strata in Tells

Causes of Destruction Strata

Refuse Preserved in Destruction Strata

The Iron Age Pillared Dwelling

Identification

Architectural Plan

Origins

Construction

Components

Design Factors

Sources of Data for Determining the Use of Domestic Space

Non-Ceramic Data

Ceramic Data

Using Ceramics

Determining Vessel Function

Recovering and Processing Ceramics

Analyzing Ceramics

Questions to be Addressed

Summary

Excursus No: A History of Destruction Strata

CHAPTER IV: TELL HALIF – ITS HISTORY AND REMAINS

The History of Tell Halif

Geography

Excavations

Site Occupation

Site Identification

The Field IV Remains at Tell Halif

Excavations in Field IV

The F7 Dwelling

Studying Formation Processes

Testing for Cultural Formation Processes

Step 1: Listing Possible Cultural Processes

Steps 2 and 3: Testing and Evaluating Specific Cultural Formation Processes

Step 4: Evaluating the Impact of Cultural Disturbances

Testing for Natural Formation Processes

Step 1: Listing Possible Natural Processes

Step 2: Studying the Environment at Tell Halif

Step 3: Identifying Specific Natural Formation Processes Affecting the F7 Dwelling

Step 4: Evaluating the Impact of Natural Formation Processes on the F7 Dwelling

Step 5: Evaluating the Overall Role of Natural Formation Processes

Summary of the Study of Formation Processes

CHAPTER V: INVESTIGATING THE F7 DWELLING – THE DE FACTO ASSEMBLAGE

Room 1

Room 2

Room 3

Room 4

Room 5

Conclusions Regarding the Use of Space in the F7 Dwelling

CHAPTER VI – HOUSES AND SOCIAL STRUCTURE: ETHNOGRAPHIC AND ETHNOARCHAEOLOGICAL DATA

The Usefulness of Ethnographic and Ethnoarchaeological Studies

Sources of Ethnographic Comparisons

The Physical Environment

Components of Compounds

Village Social Structure

Identifying the Archaeological Household

CHAPTER VII – BIBLICAL TEXTS, DWELLINGS AND SOCIAL STRUCURE

Biblical Texts and Dwellings

Biblical Texts and Israelite Social Structure

Excursus No: Biblical Texts, Historical Reconstructions and Revisionist Trends

CHAPTER VIII – CONCLUSION

PLATES

GLOSSARY

REFERENCES

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