Cover image for Etymological Dictionary of the Sumerian Language, Part 3: Linguistic Analysis, Addenda and Corrigenda By Simo Parpola

Etymological Dictionary of the Sumerian Language, Part 3

Linguistic Analysis, Addenda and Corrigenda

Simo Parpola

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$75.00 | Hardcover Edition
ISBN: 978-952-10-9505-4

464 pages
6.9375" × 9.875"
4 b&w illustrations/1 map
2022

Publications of the Foundation for Finnish Assyriological Research

Etymological Dictionary of the Sumerian Language, Part 3

Linguistic Analysis, Addenda and Corrigenda

Simo Parpola

Part 1 of this dictionary presented Uralic etymologies for 3030 Sumerian words and morphemes corresponding to about two-thirds of the basic vocabulary of Sumerian included in the electronic version of the Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary (ePSD). The present volume provides a thorough linguistic analysis of the Sumerian and Uralic data found in Part 1, with particular attention to lexical isoglosses, distinctive features, sound correspondences and word derivation.

 

  • Description
  • Bio
  • Table of Contents
  • Subjects
Part 1 of this dictionary presented Uralic etymologies for 3030 Sumerian words and morphemes corresponding to about two-thirds of the basic vocabulary of Sumerian included in the electronic version of the Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary (ePSD). The present volume provides a thorough linguistic analysis of the Sumerian and Uralic data found in Part 1, with particular attention to lexical isoglosses, distinctive features, sound correspondences and word derivation.

The phonological analysis of the data and the paralinguistic evidence discussed in the introduction confirm that Sumerian belonged to the Ugric branch of Uralic and is most closely related to Khanty (Ostyak). This ought to put an end to the myth that Sumerian is a language isolate and should encourage Sumerologists and Uralists to take the Uralic affinity of Sumerian seriously, to the mutual profit of their disciplines.

The volume adds 135 new lexical entries to those already presented in Part 1 and substantiates the etymologies proposed there by 3402 new Uralic parallels. A list of errara in Part 1 and an Appendix by Peter Revesz presenting an algorithm devised to test the feasibility of the Sumerian-Ugric comparisons and suggesting machine-generated Proto-Ugric reconstructions for 200 Sumerian-Ugric word pairs conclude the volume.

Simo Parpola is Professor Emeritus of Assyriology at the University of Helsinki and the publisher of the Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project. He is the author of Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal, Parts I and II, and The Correspondence of Sargon II, Part 1, all of which are published by Eisenbrauns.

Introduction

The Alleged Non-Uralic Features of Sumerian

The Closest Relatives of Sumerian

Isoglosses and Distinctive Features

Archaeology and Folklore

Religion and Mythology

Sumerian and Ob-Ugric

Phonological Analysis

Method

Proto-Uralic Phoneme Inventory

Sumerian-Uralic Sound Correspondences

Reflexes of Proto-Uralic Phonemes in Sumerian and Uralic

Sumerian Sound Changes

Derivational Analysis

Compound Nouns

Compound Verbs

Reduplicated Nouns and Verbs

Word Families

Grammatical and Derivational Morphemes

Addenda and Corrigenda

Appendix

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