Cover image for A Monetary and Political History of the Phoenician City of Byblos in the Fith and Fourth Centuries B.C.E. By Josette Elayi and A. G. Elayi

A Monetary and Political History of the Phoenician City of Byblos in the Fith and Fourth Centuries B.C.E.

Josette Elayi and A. G. Elayi

BUY

$59.50 | Hardcover Edition
ISBN: 978-1-57506-304-1

6" × 9"

History, Archaeology, and Culture of the Levant

A Monetary and Political History of the Phoenician City of Byblos in the Fith and Fourth Centuries B.C.E.

Josette Elayi and A. G. Elayi

Arwad (now in Syria), Byblos (now Jbeil in Lebanon), Sidon (Saida in Lebanon), and Tyre (Sour in Lebanon)—the four major cites of Persian-period Phoenicia—all minted their own coins. Archaeologists and historians have found these coins to be a major resource for the reconstruction of Phoenician history. They have increasingly been able to use them to discern important details of Phoenicia’s political history that were previously unknown or were presented only from the perspective provided by the reports of the Greek historians or were based on knowledge of the Greek language, rather than being based on knowledge of Semitic languages and the iconography and inscriptions of the Phoenicians themselves.

 

  • Description
  • Table of Contents
Arwad (now in Syria), Byblos (now Jbeil in Lebanon), Sidon (Saida in Lebanon), and Tyre (Sour in Lebanon)—the four major cites of Persian-period Phoenicia—all minted their own coins. Archaeologists and historians have found these coins to be a major resource for the reconstruction of Phoenician history. They have increasingly been able to use them to discern important details of Phoenicia’s political history that were previously unknown or were presented only from the perspective provided by the reports of the Greek historians or were based on knowledge of the Greek language, rather than being based on knowledge of Semitic languages and the iconography and inscriptions of the Phoenicians themselves.

For more than two decades, Alain and Josette Elayi have researched the history of the Phoenician cities in the Persian period before Alexander’s conquest. In the first stage of their research, the authors provided an overview of the Phoenician economy under Persian rule. The second stage provided an analysis of all hoards, which included Phoenician coins dating to the Persian period. The third stage was an investigation of Phoenician weights, in which the Elayis used an original method that is also suited to numismatic studies. The fourth stage covered the monetary and political histories of the four Phoenician cities.

In A Monetary and Political History of the Phoenician City of Byblos, the Elayis’ tour de force is the coin catalog, which introduces 1,662 silver Byblian coins, also published in 25 plates. In addition to the usual numismatic analysis (monetary production, number of issues, manufacturing techniques, and processes), this impressive volume provides information on monetary inscriptions and iconography and on the history of Byblos. The book is an indispensable reference for understanding coin circulation, trading exchanges, and even the wars involving the Greeks, Cypriots, and Egyptians in the Phoenician eastern Mediterranean.

This work is fitting as a reference guide for students of the Hebrew Bible on festival ritual texts. It settles the question of dating broadly speaking and situates these texts well in their historical context. This volume will be of interest to other fields as the festival rituals affect the NT and other related disciplines such as historiography and archaeology. — Michael Mxolisi Sokupa, BBR 24.4 (2014) 550-52 </pAcknowledgments ii

Abbreviations ii

Map. Byblos in Phoenicia in the Persian Period xvi

Chapter 1. Introduction 1

Chapter 2. Analysis of the Monetary Inscriptions Analysis of Iconography 27

Chapter 3. The Monetary Workshop of Byblos 52

Chapter 4. Metrological Study 76

Chapter 5. The Coinage of Byblos and the History of the City 91

Conclusion 131

Appendix 1. Catalog of the Coins of Byblos 137

Appendix 2. Counterfeit or Dubious Byblian Coins 316

Appendix 3. Study of Dies and Relative Chronology 317

Appendix 4. Hoards Containing Coins from Byblos 337

Bibliography 341

Indexes

Index of Geographical Names 348

Index of Public and Private Collections 350

Index of Sale Catalogs 352

Index of Hoards 358

Plates 359

Mailing List

Subscribe to our mailing list and be notified about new titles, journals and catalogs.