Cover image for Times of Transition: Judea in the Early Hellenistic Period Edited by Sylvie Honigman, Christophe Nihan, and Oded Lipschits

Times of Transition

Judea in the Early Hellenistic Period

Edited by Sylvie Honigman, Christophe Nihan, and Oded Lipschits

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$129.95 | Hardcover Edition
ISBN: 978-1-64602-114-7

416 pages
8.5" × 11"
35 color illustrations
2021
Co-published with The Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University

Mosaics: Studies on Ancient Israel

Times of Transition

Judea in the Early Hellenistic Period

Edited by Sylvie Honigman, Christophe Nihan, and Oded Lipschits

This multidisciplinary study takes a fresh look at Judean history and biblical literature in the late fourth and third centuries BCE. In a major reappraisal of this era, the contributions to this volume depict it as one in which critical changes took place.

 

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  • Table of Contents
This multidisciplinary study takes a fresh look at Judean history and biblical literature in the late fourth and third centuries BCE. In a major reappraisal of this era, the contributions to this volume depict it as one in which critical changes took place.

Until recently, the period from Alexander’s conquest in 332 BCE to the early years of Seleucid domination following Antiochus III’s conquest in 198 BCE was reputed to be poorly documented in material evidence and textual production, buttressing the view that the era from late Persian to Hasmonean times was one of seamless continuity. Biblical scholars believed that no literary activity belonged to the Hellenistic age, and archaeologists were unable to refine their understanding because of a lack of secure chronological markers. However, recent studies are revealing this period as one of major social changes and intense literary activity. Historians have shed new light on the nature of the Hellenistic empires and the relationship between the central power and local entities in ancient imperial settings, and the redating of several biblical texts to the third century BCE challenges the traditional periodization of Judean history.

Bringing together Hellenistic history, the archaeology of Judea, and biblical studies, this volume appraises the early Hellenistic period anew as a time of great transition and change and situates Judea within its broader regional and transregional imperial contexts.

Sylvie Honigman is Associate Professor of Ancient History at Tel Aviv University. She is the author of The Septuagint and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria: Study in the Narrative of the “Letter of Aristeas.

Christophe Nihan is Associate Professor of Hebrew Bible and History of Ancient Israel at the University of Lausanne. He is the coeditor of Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism.

Oded Lipschits is Professor of Jewish History and the Director of the Sonia and Marco Nadler Institute of Archaeology at Tel Aviv University. Among his many publications is the recent Ramat Raḥel IV: The Renewed Excavations by the Tel Aviv–Heidelberg Expedition (2005–2010): Stratigraphy and Architecture, also published by Eisenbrauns.

Abbreviations

Contributors

Preface

Introduction

Sylvie Honigman

I. The Chronological Frame, Politics and Identity

1. The Ptolemaic Period: A Dark Age in Jewish History?

Lester L Grabbe

2. Numismatic Evidence and the Chronology of the Fifth Syrian War

Catharine C. Lorber

3. The Representation of the Victorious King: Comments on a Dedication of a Statue

of Ptolemy IV in Jaffa (SEG 20.467 = CIIP 3.2172)

Stefan Pfeiffer

4. Aramaic, Paleo-Hebrew and “Jewish” Scripts in the Ptolemaic Period

David S. Vanderhooft

II. The History of Rural Settlement in Judea

5. Judah in the Early Hellenistic Period: An Archaeological Perspective

Nitsan Shalom, Oded Lipschits, Noa Shatil and Yuval Gadot

6. Khirbet Qeiyafa in the Late Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods

Yosef Garfinkel

7. Coin Circulation in Judea during the Persian–Hellenistic Transition: A View from the Elah Valley

Yoav Farhi

8. Political Trends as Reflected in the Material Culture: A New Look at the Transition between the Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods

Igor Kreimerman and Débora Sandhaus

III. The Workings of Empires in Local and Comparative Perspectives

9. The Harbor of Akko-Ptolemaïs: Dates and Functions

Gil Gambash

10. The Achaemenid–Ptolemaic Transition: The View from Southern Phoenicia

Andrea M. Berlin and Sharon C. Herbert

11. Sanctuaries, Priest-Dynasts and the Seleukid Empire

Boris Chrubasik

12. Gods in the Gray Zone: A Political History of Egyptian Temples from Artaxerxes III

to the End of the Argeadai (342–ca. 305 BCE)

Damien Agut-Labordère

13. Sacred and Secular Activities in the Egyptian Temple Precincts (temenē) in the 3rd Century BCE

Gilles Gorre

14. Searching for the Social Location of Literate Judean Elites in Early Hellenistic Times: A Non-Linear History of the Temple and Royal Administrations in Judea

Sylvie Honigman

IV. The Pentateuch: Early Greek Translations and Receptions

15. The Idealization of Ptolemaic Kingship in the Legend of the Origins of the Septuagint

Timothy H. Lim

16. The Production of Greek Books in Alexandrian Judaism

Benjamin G. Wright

17. The Septuagint: Translating and Adapting the Torah to the 3rd Century BCE

Martin Rösel

18. Greek Historians on Jews and Judaism in the 3rd Century BCE

Reinhard G. Kratz

V. Biblical Texts in the 3rd Century BCE

19. How to Identify a Ptolemaic Period Text in the Hebrew Bible

Konrad Schmid

20. No Prophetic Texts from the Hellenistic Period? Methodological, Philological

and Historical Observations on the Writing of Prophecy in Early Hellenistic Judea

Hervé Gonzalez

21. The Social Setting and Purpose of Early Judean Apocalyptic Literature: Between Resistance Literature and Literate Hermeneutics

Sylvie Honigman

22. “To be destroyed, to be killed, and to be annihilated” (Esther 7:4):

Historicity and Fictionality of Anti-Jewish Pogrom Stories before the Maccabean Crisis

Manfred Oeming

Index of Ancient Sources

Index of Geographical Names Index of Subjects

Index of Modern Authors